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Title: Charge Density Study of the Polymorphs of p-Nitrophenol
Authors: Kulkarni, G U
Kumaradhas, P
Rao, C N R
Keywords: Electron Density
Issue Date: Nov-1998
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Chemistry Of Materials 10(11), 3498-3505 (1998)
Abstract: A careful investigation of the structures and charge densities of the beta and alpha polymorphs of p-nitrophenol has been carried out. Although the two forms crystallize in different monoclinic cells, the crystal densities are similar. There are, however, several differences in the intramolecular structural features of the two forms, including the C-C-O bond angles and the N-O distances. The alpha form exhibits a large number of intermolecular hydrogen contacts. More importantly, a detailed charge density analysis of the two forms has brought out significant differences in the charge distribution in both the intra- and the intermolecular hydrogen bonding regions. Deformation density maps reveal many differences in the bonding regions of the molecule in the two forms. Charge migration from the benzene ring region of the molecule to the nitro and the hydroxyl groups occurs as the structure changes from the beta to the alpha form. Relief maps of the negative Laplacians in the plane of the intermolecular hydrogen bonds show polarization of the oxygen lone-pair electrons toward hydrogen. The molecular dipole moments in the solid state, derived from the pseudoatomic charges in the beta and alpha structures, are considerably larger (similar to 20 D) than the value in the free molecule.
Description: Restricted Access
Other Identifiers: 0897-4756
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Prof. C.N.R. Rao)

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