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Title: Influence of Cation Size on the Structural Features of Ln1/2A1/2MnO3 Perovskites at Room Temperature
Authors: Woodward, P M
Vogt, T
Cox, D E
Arulraj, A
Rao, C N R
Karen, P
Cheetham, A K
Keywords: Metal-Insulator-Transition
Rare-Earth Manganates
A-Site Cations
Giant Magnetoresistance
Colossal Magnetoresistance
Manganese Perovskites
Issue Date: Nov-1998
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Chemistry Of Materials 10(11), 3652-3665 (1998)
Abstract: Polycrystalline samples of Ln(1/2)Sr(1/2)MnO(3) (Ln = La, Pr, La0.33Nd0.67, Nd, Nd0.5Sm0.5, Sm, and Gd) and Ln(1/2)Ca(1/2)MnO(3) (Ln = La, Pr, La0.5Nd0.5, Nd, Sm, and Y0.5Sm0.5) have been prepared, and structure determinations have been carried out at room temperature using high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data. The octahedral tilting distortion increases as the average ionic radius of the Ln/A cations, [rA], decreases. The two crystallographically distinct Mn-O-Mn bonds [Mn-O(eq)-Mn and Mn-O(ax)-Mn] are almost identical for Ln(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) compounds, with the exception of La0.5Ca0.5MnO3. The La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 compound and the entire Ln(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) series adopt structures where the Mn-O(eq)-Mn bond angle is consistently and significantly larger (2-6 degrees) than the Mn-O(ax)-Mn bond angle. All of the Ln(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) compounds have Pnma symmetry, whereas across the Ln(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) series with increasing (rA), an evolution from Pnma (tilt system a(-)b(+)a(-)) over Imma (tilt system a(-)b(0)a(-)) to I4/mcm (tilt system a(0)a(0)c(-)) symmetry is observed. It appears that the latter two tilt systems are stabilized with respect to the rhombohedral (R (3) over bar c) a(-)a(-)a(-) tilt system, by short-range layered ordering of A-site cations. Changes in the octahedral tilt system at room temperature are linked to changes in the low-temperature magnetic structure. In particular, the simultaneous onset of charge ordering and CE-type antiferromagnetism in the Ln(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) series appears to be closely associated with the Imma structure. The average Mn-O bond distance is relatively constant across the entire series, but individual Mn-O bond distances show the presence of a cooperative Jahn-Teller effect (orbital ordering) at room temperature in Sm0.5Ca0.5MnO3 and Sm0.25Y0.25Ca0.5MnO3.
Description: Restricted Access
Other Identifiers: 0897-4756
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Prof. C.N.R. Rao)

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