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Title: Elastic and chemical contributions to the stability of magnetic surface alloys on Ru(0001)
Authors: Marathe, Madhura
Imam, Mighfar
Narasimhan, Shobhana
Keywords: ab initio calculations
cadmium alloys
cobalt alloys
density functional theory
gold alloys
heat of formation
iron alloys
lead alloys
magnetic moments
platinum alloys
silver alloys
Immiscible Metals
Issue Date: 11-Feb-2009
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Physical Review B 79(8), 085413-(1-9) (2009)
Abstract: We have used density-functional theory to study the miscibility and magnetic properties of surface alloys. Our systems consist of a single pseudomorphic layer of MxN1−x on the Ru(0001) surface, where M=Fe or Co, and N=Pt, Au, Ag, Cd, or Pb. Several of the combinations studied by us display a preference for atomically mixed configurations over phase-segregated forms. We have also performed further ab initio calculations to obtain the parameters describing the elastic interactions between atoms in the alloy layer, including the effective atomic sizes at the surface. We find that while elastic interactions favor alloying for all the systems considered by us, in some cases chemical interactions disfavor atomic mixing. We show that a simple criterion (analogous to the Hume-Rothery first law for bulk alloys) need not necessarily work for strain-stabilized surface alloys because of the presence of additional elastic contributions to the alloy heat of formation that will tend to oppose phase segregation. We find that magnetic moments are significantly enhanced with respect to the bulk elements
Other Identifiers: 1098-0121
Appears in Collections:Research Articles (Shobhana Narasimhan)

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