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Title: Polyisoprenylated Benzophenone, Garcinol, a Natural Histone Acetyltransferase Inhibitor, Represses Chromatin Transcription and Alters Global Gene Expression
Authors: Balasubramanyam, Karanam
Altaf, M
Varier, Radhika A
Swaminathan, V
Ravindran, Aarti
Sadhale, Parag P
Kundu, Tapas K
Keywords: Rubinstein-Taybi-Syndrome
Muscle Differentiation
Issue Date: 6-Aug-2004
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc
Citation: Journal Of Biological Chemistry 279(32), 33716-33726 (2004)
Abstract: Histone acetylation is a diagnostic feature of transcriptionally active genes. The proper recruitment and function of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and deacetylases (HDACs) are key regulatory steps for gene expression and cell cycle. Functional defects of either of these enzymes may lead to several diseases, including cancer. HATs and HDACs thus are potential therapeutic targets. Here we report that garcinol, a polyisoprenylated benzophenone derivative from Garcinia indica fruit rind, is a potent inhibitor of histone acetyltransferases p300 (IC50 approximate to 7 muM) and PCAF (IC50 approximate to5 muM) both in vitro and in vivo. The kinetic analysis shows that it is a mixed type of inhibitor with an increased affinity for PCAF compared with p300. HAT activity-dependent chromatin transcription was strongly inhibited by garcinol, whereas transcription from DNA template was not affected. Furthermore, it was found to be a potent inducer of apoptosis, and it alters ( predominantly downregulates) the global gene expression in HeLa cells.
Description: Restricted Access
Other Identifiers: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Tapas K. Kundu)

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