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dc.contributor.authorBiswas, Kanishka-
dc.contributor.authorRao, C N R-
dc.identifier.citationChemistry-A European Journal 13(21), 6123-6129 (2007)en_US
dc.descriptionRestricted Accessen_US
dc.description.abstractWe have synthesized nanoparticles of hexagonal US in the diameter range 3-13 nm by the reaction of cadmium acetate dihydrate with thioacetamide in imidazolium [BMIM]-based ionic liquids. We have obtained three different particle sizes of CdS by changing the anion of the ionic liquid. Addition of trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) to the reaction mixture causes greater monodispersity as well as smaller particle size, while addition of ethylenediamine produces nanorods of 7 nm average diameter. Hexagonal ZnS and cubic PbS nanoparticles with average diameters of 3 and 10 nm, respectively, have been prepared by the reaction of the metal acetates with thioacetamide in [BMIM][BF4]. Hexagonal CdSe nanoparticles with an average diameter 12 nm were obtained by the reaction of cadmium acetate dihydrate with dimethylselenourea in [BMIM][BF4]. In this case also we observe the same effect of the addition of TOPO as in the case of CdS. Addition of ethylenediamine to the reaction mixture gives rise to nanorods. ZnSe nanowires with a cubic structures, possible diameters in the range 70-100 nm by the reaction of zinc acetate dihydrate with dimethylselenourea in [BMIM][MeSO4]. The nanostructures obtained are single crystalline in all the cases. Most of the nanostructures show characteristic UV/Vis absorption and photoluminescence emission spectra. The thermodynamically most stable structures are generally produced in the synthesis carried out in ionic liquids.en_US
dc.publisherWiley Blackwellen_US
dc.rights© 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Coen_US
dc.subjectionic liquidsen_US
dc.subjectmetal chalcogenidesen_US
dc.subjectSolvothermal Routeen_US
dc.titleUse of Ionic Liquids in the Synthesis of Nanocrystals and Nanorods of Semiconducting Metal Chalcogenidesen_US
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Prof. C.N.R. Rao)

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