Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://lib.jncasr.ac.in:8080/jspui/handle/10572/2381
Title: Solution processed sun baked electrode material for flexible supercapacitors
Authors: Kurra, Narendra
Kiruthika, S.
Kulkarni, G. U.
Keywords: Chemistry
Energy-Storage Devices
High-Performance
Electrochemical Capacitors
High-Power
Nanostructured Carbon
Aqueous-Electrolyte
Pd Nanowires
Graphene
Films
Density
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Kurra, N; Kiruthika, S; Kulkarni, GU, Solution processed sun baked electrode material for flexible supercapacitors. RSC Advances 2014, 4 (39) 20281-20289, http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4ra02934h
RSC Advances
4
39
Abstract: We report a new strategy for making electrode materials for supercapacitors based on a nanocrystalline Pd/carbon (nc-Pd/C) composite, obtained by thermolyzing a thin film of Pd hexadecylthiolate under sunlight. Thus obtained nc-Pd/C composite is porous (BET specific surface area, 67 m(2) g(-1)), hydrophilic (contact angle, 49 degrees) and of good electrical conductivity (resistivity similar to 2 mu Omega m), all these properties being highly suitable for supercapacitor electrodes. The autocatalytic nature of the nc-Pd/C composite was exploited for electrolessly depositing MnO2 bearing a nanowall morphology to serve as a pseudocapacitive material. Using MnO2/nc-Pd/C electrodes in 1 M Na2SO4, a specific capacitance of similar to 450 F g(-1) was obtained at 10 mV s(-1). An asymmetric supercapacitor was fabricated by employing MnO2/nc-Pd/C as a positive electrode and nc-Pd/C as a negative electrode, where the potential window could be enhanced to 1.8 V with an energy density of 86 W h kg(-1). The electrode precursor being a direct write lithography resist allowed fabrication of a planar micro-supercapacitor with an ionic liquid as electrolyte, exhibiting a cell capacitance of 8 mF cm(-2). As our recipe does not make use of an additional charge collecting layer and binder, nor does it use any external energy during fabrication, the only cost consideration is related to Pd; however, given the extremely small amount of Pd consumed per device (similar to 0.18 mg), it is highly cost effective.
Description: Restricted Access
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10572/2381
ISSN: 2046-2069
Appears in Collections:Research Articles (Kulkarni, G. U.)

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