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Title: Structure-Activity Relationship of Amino Acid Tunable Lipidated Norspermidine Conjugates: Disrupting Biofilms with Potent Activity against Bacterial Persisters
Authors: Konai, Mohini M.
Adhikary, Utsarga
Samaddar, Sandip
Ghosh, Chandradhish
Haldar, Jayanta
Keywords: Biochemical Research Methods
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Chemistry, Organic
Pseudomonas-Aeruginosa Biofilms
Helical Antimicrobial Peptides
Antibacterial Activity
Cationic Amphiphiles
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Konai, M. M.; Adhikary, U.; Samaddar, S.; Ghosh, C.; Haldar, J., Structure-Activity Relationship of Amino Acid Tunable Lipidated Norspermidine Conjugates: Disrupting Biofilms with Potent Activity against Bacterial Persisters. Bioconj. Chem. 2015, 26 (12), 2442-2453.
Abstract: The emergence of bacterial resistance and biofilm associated infections has created a challenging situation in global health. In this present state of affairs where conventional antibiotics are falling short of being able to provide a solution to these problems, development of novel antibacterial compounds possessing the twin prowess of antibacterial and antibiofilm efficacy is imperative. Herein, we report a library of amino acid tunable lipidated norspermidine conjugates that were prepared by conjugating both amino acids and fatty acids with the amine functionalities of norspermidine through amide bond formation. These lipidated conjugates displayed potent antibacterial activity against various planktonic Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria including drug-resistant superbugs such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, and beta-lactam-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. This class of nontoxic and fast-acting antibacterial molecules (capable of killing bacteria within 15 min) did not allow bacteria to develop resistance against them after several passages. Most importantly, an optimized compound in the series was also capable of killing metabolically inactive persisters and stationary phase bacteria. Additionally, this compound was capable of disrupting the preformed biofilms of S. aureus and E. coli. Therefore, this class of antibacterial conjugates have potential in tackling the challenging situation posed by both bacterial resistance as well as drug tolerance due to biofilm formation.
Description: Restricted access
ISSN: 1043-1802
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Jayanta Haldar)

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