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Title: Mechanism of p300 Specific Histone Acetyltransferase Inhibition by Small Molecules
Authors: Arif, M
Pradhan, Suman Kalyan
Thanuia, G R
Vedamurthy, B M
Agrawal, Shipra
Dasgupta, Dipak
Kundu, Tapas K
Keywords: Global Gene-Expression
Transcriptional Coactivator
Issue Date: 22-Jan-2009
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Journal Of Medicinal Chemistry 52(2), 267-277 (2009)
Abstract: Dysfunction of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) leads to several diseases including cancer, diabetes, and asthma. Therefore, small molecule inhibitors and activators of HATs are being considered as new generation therapeutics. Here, we report the molecular mechanisms of p300 HAT inhibition by specific and nonspecific HAT inhibitors: garcinol, isogarcinol, and 1 (LTK 14). The p300 specific HAT inhibitor 1 behaves as a noncompetitive inhibitor for both acetyl-CoA and histone, unlike nonspecific HAT inhibitors garcinol and isogarcinol. The isothermal calorimetric data suggest that there is a high affinity enthalpy driven single binding site for 1 on p300HAT domain in contrast to two binding sites for garcinol and isogarcinol. Furthermore, the precise nature of molecular interactions was determined by using fluorescence, docking, and mutational studies. On the basis of these observations, we have proposed the mechanisms of specific versus nonspecific HAT inhibition by these small molecule compounds, which may be useful to design therapeutically favorable HAT inhibitors.
Description: Restricted Access
Other Identifiers: 0022-2623
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Tapas K. Kundu)

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